Duby believes that the ideology, is not a passive consequence of the society, but a project to act on it, where it integrates the relation of the imaginary one of the individuals with its real existence. Bordieu and Certau had approached a history antropolgica, where Bordieu possesss the education ideal as social reproduction. Certau was a specialist of the history of the religion, however it contributed in others three fields: analyzing the politics of the language, the study of collective on the daily life and the writing of social history concentrating itself on the process that describes the construction of the other, frequently the inverse one of the image that if has exactly of itself. Roger Chartier works with the history of books, where if it worries about the change in the boarding of history with the rewrite, with the transformations suffered for the particular texts when adapted to the necessities of the public or escalamento of successive public. Michel Focault has its study directed cultural history of the imaginary society and on the collective one, where the cultural history of the society or the society in same itself is a collective representation.