Coffee was first discovered in East Africa in an area where today is Zimbabwe. According to popular legend, a shepherd named Calderon once said that goats, which he fed behave in a surprisingly lively after eat berries from bushes nearby. Puzzled, he decided to try Calderon berry taste. It seemed to him that the berries have given him new strength. The news of the mysterious fruit, 'energized', quickly spread throughout the county. Learned about the wonderful berries, the monks came up dry for them to transport to remote monasteries. Before use, they soak berries in water, ate them and drank the liquid, thereby obtaining an additional charge of vivacity for their prayer vigils.
From Ethiopia, coffee berries were on the Arabian Peninsula, where she first began to grow in what is now Yemen. Hence, coffee was brought to Turkey where coffee beans were first roast over an open fire. Fried corn was milled and cooked in water, thus creating a rough version of the beverage we enjoy today. On the European continent, coffee was first imported by Venetian merchants. However, Drink immediately came under fire of sharp criticism from the Catholic Church. Many coffee called 'devil's drink', and believed that the pope should give him an anathema.
To everyone's surprise, however, the pope, whom coffee came to taste, and blessed him, and declared a truly Christian beverage. Coffee houses are widely spread across Europe, becoming centers of intellectual communication. Many great minds of Europe used to drink as a source of inspiration and a catalyst for intellectual activity. At the beginning of the xviii century coffee came to America, brought back French infantry captain who raised a small bush coffee on the long journey across the Atlantic. This the only plant that trafficked to the Caribbean island of Martinique, became the progenitor of more than 19 million coffee trees have appeared on the island over the next 50 years. Such was the humble beginning the spread of coffee on its way to the tropical regions of South and Central America. Protesting against the imposition of tax on tea, established by the British Empire, the colonizers of the United States at the Continental Congress declared coffee their national drink. Espresso, the newest way to brew coffee, originated in 1822 when France was invented the first espresso machine. The Italians have improved a great unit and have adjusted series production. The depth of penetration of espresso in the life and cultural traditions of Italians suggests the presence of more than 200 thousand espresso bars across the country. Today, the coffee industry is a global scale employing more than 20 million people and is second only to oil production volume of trade around the world. Coffee is the world's most popular drink, the annual consumption of 400 billion cups. Brazil alone accounts for coffee plantations are more than 5 million people, harvest with more than 3 billion coffee trees. Sales volumes of specialty coffees of the highest quality in the U.S. reached a lot of billion-dollar mark and continues to grow with each year.