Financial analysts like to use a variety of mysterious for the rest of the terms and the term EBITDA is not an exception. Strictly speaking, EBITDA is not so mysterious figure. Reduction in EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) is translated into Russian as "earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization." EBITDA allows us to trace the formation of profit at all levels. In addition, with EBITDA can be compared to similar type of activity and company size. Indeed, the two absolutely identical at first glance, the company may have differed at times net profit, while the EBITDA of the first and the second company will be roughly equal. Such significant differences in profitability can be explained If we look at the generation of profits at all levels. To do this we need to measure and EBITDA. Thus, if the EBITDA of the two companies approximately equal, while the activity of companies is identical, then we can analyze how formed their profits.

The first thing we do – we subtract the depreciation of the indicators of EBITDA. Obtain a measure EBIT – earnings before interest and taxes. If companies use different methods of depreciation (for example, one of them using an accelerated method, involving a significant write-offs of fixed assets during the first years of operation, and the second – even, assuming an equal basis over the entire operation), if the company started operation of fixed assets at different times, or if one of a small amount of fixed assets (that the company prefers, for example, lease purchase the property), while the second – much more of them, then discrepancy in terms of EBIT will be significant. But do not forget, that means sinking fund is not going anywhere, they remain at the company. Moreover, they are not taxed and, therefore, companies often try to write off a significant portion of assets in the form of depreciation in the first years of use of the property. Now remove from EBIT interest paid on liabilities and obtain EBT – income before taxes. Since different companies formed sources of funding in different ways, then the debt will be different.

In addition, interest, under which companies borrow will be different and, accordingly, the size of payments will also vary. In Unlike the depreciation of the interest paid leave from the company. After taxes leaves us with net income. This profit goes to pay dividends to shareholders and the company's development. The value of the net profit is direct consequence of the methods for calculating depreciation, the value of debt and the cost of its maintenance, as well as the magnitude of taxes and duties and how to optimize them. Back: An analysis of revenue, P / S Next: Profitability


A bad habit is, when the novice trader, sitting at the computer begins to frantically search for the tool and the direction in which can be opened. Starting work in this case is a superficial analysis and a desire to start a 'work'. Serious analysis – is also working, with its major stages. Before opening a position to determine in advance for a level preferred for the start of trading, to monitor the trend and enter the market in case of coincidence of trends with your expectations. Sometimes it is not even a single day. And one more thing: to determine for itself the plan of action setting the order, it is important to adhere to these decisions to close a position.

Early or belated entry into the market, change orders without good reason often leads to unnecessary ubytkam.Kak minimum – equated loss and profits of these two statements are extremely important issue – risk management at work in market Forex. A novice trader, saw a small gain on a position, often immediately takes it and at the same time, a long time does not dare to close loss-making position in the hope of a favorable change of course. This is one of the major causes of losses at the initial stage. It is important to be weighed and the approximate volume closing gains and losses, and the same applies to placement of stop orders. Otherwise, in case of a constant excess of losses over profits, long-term perspective will lead to undesirable results.

Try to 'hard' part with lucrative positions and easily close positions with a reasonable loss at the slightest movement rate mismatch with the expected amount of information stsenariem.Ogranichivay Do not read much, read useful Do not confuse trade with academic views One of the highlights is the identification of sources of information to be used by the trader when making transactions. Information on the market for many, it is necessary to identify those sources that can be practical value in transactions. It is important to determine what to use and what to read to understand the market and do not rush to find any information. Not all assessments, information sources, and taken separately tools trustworthy. Must create for themselves an effective trading system and follow its signals. And one more thing: the real buying and selling is not the same, that the proposition on the market, even if the right from the academic point view. Some people trade, others argue, and this is usually different lyudi.Ostavaysya cool and calm Do not rush to sell – the market would never end And the last. You should always keep myself in hands. A huge number of loss occurs due to loss of control. Moreover, excessive euphoria in a profitable position or a total profit of the account is no less dangerous than the nerves and the hands which hang down in the loss. Today, you have lost, but you always have opportunity to win. Fixing a loss or a nice profit, do not try to immediately enter the market again to 'earn more' or 'revenge'. Try to cool down and reflect on the results, and only then with a 'cold' head re-enters the market of multimedia Forex-Blog

Trading Education

Most of the time traders spend looking for setups for the trading of inputs, using fundamental analysis, chart patterns, technical indicators, signals and other tools. Without doubt, the search for inputs is a very important element of success, because input is the foundation upon which the transaction. However, if you find a good entry is the most difficult task is to find a good solution is the most difficult part of the sales process with emotional point of view. Depending on when you close your position, you may find yourself in particular, both winners and losers. Usually carried out when the price reaches the level of stop-loss or reaches particular purpose. When you open any position we need to set a stop loss. Some traders use a mental stop, while others place a physical stop in the marketplace. Initially, the stop is placed at a certain level is the maximum risk that the trader can afford, if the market goes against him.

Later, if the deal is moving in this direction, the stop can be adjusted to record profits. Trailing Stops allow traders to stay on the market until such time as it is attended by a favorable trend. In the case of a reversal transaction is stopped. Usually the foot is placed near the support and resistance levels, which are visible on the graphs. Experienced traders can easily identify where a large number of stops. When the price touches the support or resistance level, and then there is a strong movement, a movement due to tripping stops.

The Daily

Once the market rises up, I’m looking for a cup pattern consisting minimum number of 3 bands. I’ve been watching for 3 value at closing or lows. On the cup the first band will have the highest closing price (or low), the average band – a low cost of closing (or low), and the third page – the higher the closing price (or low) , – adds Stowell. “This structure shows the reverse trend. Once on the market a lively, and he then stopped, if the daily value at the close of all the lows will be lower plating structure, it will provoke a point of resale, “- says Stowell.

“Kepochnaya” structure, in fact, represents the opposite. “The market is obliged to pre-sell, and after these next reel on the market is up” – he explains. On their own trade as a whole, Stowell says: “When I start a position, I know the risks koy go on, but has no clear reward amounts. I just aim at it to pull a piece out of the middle oscillation. I do not bother with the top or bottom. Stowell acknowledges that the triumph of the trading is in addition Depending on the “rigid discipline, courage and perseverance.” “Enough, enough, it is important that the person has been persistence, and must also possess courage. You need to have strength of will to take action when the time come and talk about all the signals it “, – notes Stowell.

He also believes that any investor must calculate your level of comfort: “When you’re very much going to give ourselves the market, then you will not miss out on any other relevant things, and you will push the market now. ” As educator, he notes that all newcomers to investors’ need to go through the immediate boundaries. They learn about the disorder and fear associated with trading, will make mistakes. They are required to go through the process of learning. ” Stowell refers to investors: “Daily – a fresh day. He almost always be fresh. Need to constantly develop their skills. According to all the time to get involved.

DrawDown Winning

Despite the fact that some portfolio managers believe in the high profitability of diversification, even with systems with a low percentage of winning trades, in fact, is a high probability of large DrawDowns on such systems, significantly reduce the profitability of this. On the other hand, if we trade system with a large percentage of profitable trades, we have much less need to diversify. And if our system is carefully designed so as to always "catch" the big trends and rarely cause damage, we obtain the best possible scenario. Of course, diversification is still useful for our strategy with a large percentage of profitable trades, but rather an additional expansion opportunities than neobhodimost.Sistemy with a high percentage profitable transactions require less initial capital to trade. If we need fewer resources to overcome DrawDowns and less funds for diversification, so we need less money to start trading on such system. Also, if a high percentage of winning trades, we can more confidently use the previously obtained profits to recover the funds after any big DrawDown.Sistemy with a high percentage of profitable trades easier configure and check for errors. Imagine a system with a low percentage of winning trades, in which the long series of losses is normal.

How many losses will have time to bring it until you realize that something working properly? I think a lot. Now imagine a system with a very large percentage of profitable trades. Any series of losses, which differs from the norm for this system to quickly draw your attention. Can hope that we can quickly check your system and correct any errors before they incur serious losses. In a system with a low percentage of winning trades, we have time to suffer huge losses while realize that something needs to be correct.

As you can see, we are convinced supporters of the systems with a high percentage of winning trades. We affirm that really is not difficult to create a system with a decent winning percentage, if you focus on the this option and you will be demanding to him. Very often, the creators of trading systems focus only on the total profit of the system. Usually, this results in a system with "perepodognannymi" outputs, taking a rare, but the unnaturally large profits, and very narrow feet, bringing frequent, but small losses. This approach gives a very low percentage of winning trades, and, ultimately, destroys the system. On the other hand, if we focus on achieving a high percentage of winning trades, we can achieve this without the great sacrifices and perepodgonok ", resulting in a system that actually" friendly "and reliable.

The Time

Design at work: The borrower must be completed on-site work on the workbook or an employment contract. Borrower having more than one place of employment, must submit copies of employment contracts with all the places trudoustroystva.VNIMANIE: Founders and unincorporated business organizations should be submitted in accordance with the approved company spisku.Stepen documentary evidence of income: The borrower must provide a certificate on Form 2-PIT, or a certificate from the employer about the amount of income in the form of our Kompanii.Dohody that can be taken into account when assessing the solvency of the client: Salaries at the primary place of work including earnings for overtime and bonuses, income from work for part-time and part-time, income from dividends, income from interest on deposits in the form of permanent, stable insurance payments, pension payments; Net income in the form of rent. Since the appeal before a decision is 3-7 days, some banks, these terms are reduced by half. This is especially true in the face of rising prices when the time a mortgage much depends. It's no secret that for a week or two the price of the selected apartment can be increased. Therefore, in this case, the experts will save you money. Another convenience for the borrower is now in his presence in bank is not required. After an appeal to the agency, the borrower is sufficient to attend only on the signing of a contract of sale. Terms of the loan (before the global crisis) Currency: Dollar SShAStavka loan: 9.60 – 12.60% In an initial contribution of more than 30% :9.6-11 .1% per annum during the term loans 1-10 years, 10.1-11.6% per annum during the term loans of 11-15 years, 10.6-12.1% per annum during the term of crediting 16-25 let.Pri initial contribution 15 – 30% :9.85-11 .35% per annum during the term loans 1-10 years, 10.35-11.85% pa in term loans of 11-15 years, 10.85-12.35% per annum during the term of crediting 16-25 let.Pri an initial contribution of 10-15% :10.1-11 .6% per annum during the term loans 1-10 years, 10.6-12.1% per annum during the term of lending 11-15 years, 11.1-12.6% per annum during the term of crediting 16-25 let.Obespechenie credit: Acquired nedvizhimostSrok credit 1 – 25 letRazmer loan 150 000 – 1.5 million dollars SShAPervonachalny fee: 10.00% Proof of income: the official dokumentami.Srok consideration of the application: up to 3 dneyNotarialnoe design Agreement: No dannyhTrebovaniya zaemschikuVozrast to the borrower: 21 – 65 letGrazhdanstvo RF: Do not post trebuetsyRegistratsiya loan: Not trebuetsyObschy seniority: 2 letTrudovoy experience last from 6 months

Principles Market

A large number of principles does not mean that you can apply them all at once. In each case highlighted the main and auxiliary principles. When it comes to principles, then there are only the basic laws of behavior of the subjects of the market economy. In real life, several factors can distort their actions. For example, government intervention is sometimes distorts the implementation of certain principles evaluation.

Imperfection of market relations, characteristic of phase transition to a market economy, further distorting effect of assessment principles. For these reasons, assessment guidelines reflect a tendency of economic behavior of market entities, and do not guarantee such behavior. However, as development in our country market relations operation of the objective principles of business valuation will increase. Consider the first group Principles. A key criterion for the value of any Property is its usefulness. Business has value only when it can be useful to the real potential owner. Utility for each customer individually, but qualitatively and quantitatively determined by time, space and cost.

However, as the overall usefulness of the object to the owner in a market economy can allocate its capacity to generate income. Utility business – is its ability to generate income in a given place and during that time period. The more useful the higher the value of the appraised value. The principle of utility is that the more the company is able to meet the needs of the owner, the higher its value. From the perspective of any user of the estimated value of the enterprise should not be above a minimum price for a similar company with the same utility.

Kiev Rent

You have come for business or relax in Kiev and you have no relatives living in Kiev? So, you are our potential customers. You have several options. Or go to one of the hotels in Kiev or rent an apartment Daily. If you fit the second option then you are still one of our potential customer. Then again, you have two options. The first – to come to the station and rent an apartment with his grandmother at the train station of questionable quality (for maybe) or call the company first Foda see real photos of your choice and book apartments are it.

Rent apartment in Kiev is becoming more and more popular. Far easier to go to the Internet in any city, specify the query 'Kiev', 'apartments in Kiev' or 'rent apartment in Kiev' to choose which site you like for it to choose a preferred embodiment of a one-room or a two-bedroom apartment that would suit you in price range, look at photos of the apartments and to order it. You arrive already knowing where and under what conditions you live. You do not waste time searching for apartments 'grandmother at the train station' buying a cat in a bag. Just the money saved towards Hotel in Kiev do you spend on yourself and your comfort and relaxation in the city of Kiev hero. Dear customers, our company also provides this service as rent by the hour. If you have a need to conduct personal or business meeting you can contact us.

European Commission

The position of relatively low tax UK aims to reduce reliance on taxpayer offshore mechanisms to minimize the tax burden, as well as resistance to this from the tax authorities, allowing them to apply "Through taxation" of income of foreign companies. David Kilshou, of KPMG, said that if the IRS will be forced to cancel the law against tax evasion, it could trigger "Possible surge of outflow of money in offshore". "This statement shake the very foundations of the UK," he said, adding: "This article 720 and 13, which basically reduces the ability of taxpayers to shelter their income and tax revenues with a simple way of obtaining them through offshore structures. In applying these provisions, "reopened the corporate structure" * (note: refers to the application of the doctrine of pierce the corporate veil) and offshore actual earnings are taxed in the UK. " "Those provisions – a key moment in UK law, aimed at combating tax evasion, and any changes can drastically affect the structure of the UK tax laws and how entrepreneurs would run their business and investment, "he suggested. "The Commission believes that discrimination exists to the extent that if individual to invest assets in companies in the UK (not EU companies), it will not pay taxes in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the company will be taxed on profits. Concerns The Commission is that they regulate the transfer of assets to foreign companies only, but the rules go far beyond this, and regulate the transfer of assets to any foreign party. At present it is unclear to be whether taking any action against the Rules or in the aggregate only against the provisions on transfer of assets to non-resident in the UK but resident in the EU companies.

" "It is clear that we are entering a period of uncertainty. It is less clear how this period of uncertainty would be resolved – for example, should the UK government to respond to such difficulties by introducing such taxes for the existing UK companies? However, this method may charge the concerns of the Commission, may positively influence the key moments in UK tax policy. " "But one thing seems absolutely clear. The situation we know will change forever. All taxpayers must now decide how to adapt to change.

" Andrew Taylbi-Folkes, a partner in working with private clients of Ernst & Young, notes that these rules for years were very effective tool to prevent tax evasion by residents of Great Britain and the taxpayers who permanently reside in the country by placing their assets abroad. "However, – he said – if the UK will be forced to accept the changes recommended by the European Commission, the taxpayers of Great Britain and other countries will have more opportunities to use low-tax jurisdiction within the EU to reduce the tax burden. " Taylbi-Foulkes also noted that the rules impose some "significant challenges that will cause more problems." "The question arises of how this impact on foreign trusts? What happens if a company registered in the EU, which are owned by the British taxpayer, in turn, have subsidiaries outside the EU, which posted Investment? "- he said. "While the situation is not clarified, especially if the government will make further statements about the tax residency and permanent residents are unlikely to rich taxpayers would hurry reconsider the location of its assets ", – said Taylbi-Foulkes.