A Brief History Of Coffee

Coffee was first discovered in East Africa in an area where today is Zimbabwe. According to popular legend, a shepherd named Calderon once said that goats, which he fed behave in a surprisingly lively after eat berries from bushes nearby. Puzzled, he decided to try Calderon berry taste. It seemed to him that the berries have given him new strength. The news of the mysterious fruit, 'energized', quickly spread throughout the county. Learned about the wonderful berries, the monks came up dry for them to transport to remote monasteries. Before use, they soak berries in water, ate them and drank the liquid, thereby obtaining an additional charge of vivacity for their prayer vigils.

From Ethiopia, coffee berries were on the Arabian Peninsula, where she first began to grow in what is now Yemen. Hence, coffee was brought to Turkey where coffee beans were first roast over an open fire. Fried corn was milled and cooked in water, thus creating a rough version of the beverage we enjoy today. On the European continent, coffee was first imported by Venetian merchants. However, Drink immediately came under fire of sharp criticism from the Catholic Church. Many coffee called 'devil's drink', and believed that the pope should give him an anathema.

To everyone's surprise, however, the pope, whom coffee came to taste, and blessed him, and declared a truly Christian beverage. Coffee houses are widely spread across Europe, becoming centers of intellectual communication. Many great minds of Europe used to drink as a source of inspiration and a catalyst for intellectual activity. At the beginning of the xviii century coffee came to America, brought back French infantry captain who raised a small bush coffee on the long journey across the Atlantic. This the only plant that trafficked to the Caribbean island of Martinique, became the progenitor of more than 19 million coffee trees have appeared on the island over the next 50 years. Such was the humble beginning the spread of coffee on its way to the tropical regions of South and Central America. Protesting against the imposition of tax on tea, established by the British Empire, the colonizers of the United States at the Continental Congress declared coffee their national drink. Espresso, the newest way to brew coffee, originated in 1822 when France was invented the first espresso machine. The Italians have improved a great unit and have adjusted series production. The depth of penetration of espresso in the life and cultural traditions of Italians suggests the presence of more than 200 thousand espresso bars across the country. Today, the coffee industry is a global scale employing more than 20 million people and is second only to oil production volume of trade around the world. Coffee is the world's most popular drink, the annual consumption of 400 billion cups. Brazil alone accounts for coffee plantations are more than 5 million people, harvest with more than 3 billion coffee trees. Sales volumes of specialty coffees of the highest quality in the U.S. reached a lot of billion-dollar mark and continues to grow with each year.

Mysterious Aurum

That attracts millions of people around the world? For that fought and died throughout the ages? What attracts strong and brave men and lovely beautiful ladies – it's made of gold! He was worshiped, feared him, he was loved and loathed. Huge number of myths, legends and stories devoted to the gold. In the times of ancient culture, the rulers of states and prominent political figures were decorated with gold palaces whole. According to legend, the city of Troy was a huge statue Apollo, god of the sun, made entirely of zolota. King Midas of weakness for this beautiful metal has paid with their lives and destinies of people close to him. A myth about ancient Greece Golden Fleece showed that wealth does not brings happiness.

When Christopher Columbus discovered a new continent, he was insanely happy to find local people, innocently playing with a shiny yellow stone. As later became known, the entire continent was "littered" with gold. The consequence was the gold fever that gripped America in the nineteenth century. People began to arrive from all corners of the globe in search of "the great metal." In the entire history of mankind there are many examples of brave hunters gold and filled with specially for this expedition. People did everything in order, that would get the precious metal.

Individual words deserve Alchemy. This science has inspired hope in people, eager to get the gold from other metals. One of the hobbies of the great Leonardo da Vinci was it alchemy. There are many legends about the development of the famous wizard. They said he had struggled to create an elixir of eternal youth and getting gold from silver. But, alas, to this day, nor any official documents attesting to this fact, did not survive. Hollywood does not just show us movies about the adventures of the brave treasure hunters whose aim was to it, the only and unique, Gold! Grand, in its scope and budget, "Pirates of the Caribbean" has shown not only the monetary value of precious metal, but also his uncanny connection with the destinies of people. According to the movie, the golden coins had been imposed curse, giving the man got hold of a treasure, not only eternal life but endless pain. Though it's just a movie, truth is still there. Numerous stories of prospectors are surrounded by myths and rumors. A huge number of adventure lovers from around the world are missing. And the lucky ones who were more fortunate, told about mysterious monsters and unknown forces, guarding the treasures. From ancient times gold jewelry is a luxury item. They draw their magical glitter and glamor. Gold has excellent ductility and malleability, making it easy to melt and make from it ornaments. So, gold has long times surrounded by many mysteries. That is what attracts adventurers – hunters. But today, such romantics, unfortunately, there are not many. Archaeologists, divers and tourists still continue to find Lost jewelry. In the twenty-first century, during the development of trade relations and foreign economic relations, the charm of finding the Lost Property has lost its relevance. Modern man no problem can go to any jewelry store and easily purchase of interest to its precious product.