How To Replace Spark Plugs

As a rule, every experienced driver is a special account, which says how many miles he drove, and that should be replaced. This may be a change of engine oil or brake pad replacement. Also through 30 000 kilometers (and, for imported cars mileage is 60 to 100 thousand kilometers) requires high-quality replacement spark plugs. It's no secret to that spark plugs are relatively small in size, but have a very important role in the car. Without quality, we will lose the plug in power and will be a significant fuel consumption.

Consider some of the reasons by which to replace or adjust the spark plugs. As a result of imposition of soot on the spark in a car there are interruptions in the sparks and the engine runs poorly. If the candle zamaslena, then it may happen a short circuit, possibly too much oil in the combustion chamber. When there was a significant deterioration of the electrodes on the spark plug, you can hear the sound of the engine, there are interruptions in the spark, the car can not accelerate properly. If electrodes melted, then set the car too early ignition, which gives the load through a high temperature. Also, the reason for this may be poor quality fuel. Everest capital usually is spot on. You can still distinguish the different states candles melted center electrode, there were deposits, having a crack at the base of the candle.

Of course, to see the condition of the spark plugs in your car, you need to remove them. If you have good access to the spark, then this operation can lead an experienced driver, otherwise it easier for you to contact the service center. In order to remove the spark plug to start with carefully remove the cap from the high-voltage wire insulator candles. Be sure that the engine is not too hot, otherwise you may get burned. Typically, the cap tightly wraps insulator and spark to take it off, you need to swing slightly in different directions and pull up. A candle can be removed special tool, which is a tube with a hex at the end. If no handle on the tool, you can make ratchet. Wear a tool, and gently pushing on the ratchet, twist candle against clockwise. Carefully inspect the spark plug. Typically, it can tell us about the state of the engine all the necessary information. If the engine were normal operating conditions, then the candle will be light gray or yellow-brown deposition and, perhaps, a weak electrode erosion. If the candle melted zamaslena or electrodes, or other changes characteristic appearance – the candle should be replaced. At the same candle should be at par approach to the type of your car. Tightening the candles in reverse order. Usually, replacement of spark does not eliminate all problems. For example, if the electrodes are melted – so your best bet is to go to the car wash and adjust the early ignition. Qualitative change spark plugs in your car can hold the company White Semenovskaya Service at affordable prices in Moscow. Here you will be given a full view of services for your car.

Whole Material

Firstly, cost. If we say that this is your one-off project is one-to finalize the bumper on your car, it makes no sense to spend on the material amount in excess of all other costs. For example, we present the architectural value of plasticine – from 5 to 8 cu per kilogram of material. Second, the “complexity” of the material. Try the usual mold of the clay model of the small of your bumper. In 90% people there even at this difficult stage. And do not think that with a large surface to work easier. Third, the material’s surface is easy to strain.

It’s a shame when ready to eat of the matrix surface something falling from the top and left a dent that needs to be re-communicate to the ideal. Even more insulting, when renting the matrix breaks up the layout, and the matrix failed. This will bring you back a few weeks (at best) ago. Fourth, the amount of time. Hides surface plasticine layout of course not. The whole area will need to bring to an ideal state with special scrapers and spatulas. Without years of experience with this material, the process can drag on for an indefinite amount of time (by the way, he might not finish).

Polyurethane foam. Judging by the number of articles, much loved and respected by all the material. Advantages in this material not found me. Let’s talk about the disadvantages. First of all, price.

Moscow Taxi

It seems to be a taxi in the development of these has been palpable, but the needs of the citizens of this cars are not covered. The most massive development of a taxi in Moscow began after the appearance on the streets of a new model of GAZ, in 1936, which resulted in the 1938 opening of passenger routes ZIS-101, which served the residents of Moscow and carriageways of passengers on most routes mass: railway stations, airport, etc. In times of war, most of the vehicles was destroyed, and the revival began with the release of taxi GAS "Victory," which became widely used by all the taxi drivers. The plant, which produced these cars has become a monopolist. In 1948 he was introduced to feature a taxi deposited on the sides of the strip chess, and the light signal. The era of these cars lasted long enough, but in 1957 released a new model, "Twenty One", which is popularly called the "red cap" for the characteristic color.

Before the red cars had a white color, which took place overhaul, in the same year, similar cars were produced at the plant. These taxis were used in Moscow until 1970, when they were issued new GAZ-24 and GAZ24-02, which are fundamentally different from the "red hats". The new design was completely different, but despite all the advantages of the new gas, the owners of "twenty-first" did not take them seriously. But the quality of the new stamps have been much better the old "Volga": a more powerful engine, improved ventilation and heating, smoothness, good review. All these qualities make the new gas is very comfortable.

These cars were produced for 15 years, of course, with slight modifications, but no significant changes was to release a new model. But, despite an increase in the number of taxis, passenger service quality was very poor. Low qualification of drivers who do not respect the rules and rudeness were an inherent part of the taxi times. This was facilitated not only by the state monopoly on the taxi, but lack of control over these activities.

Strategic Missile Forces

Five wheeled Caterpillar bulldozers leveled the exact copy of the main area of the country to rehearse for parades of hundreds of military vehicles. According to company representatives engaged in rental of special equipment and services under its maintenance, bulldozers worked for two months (March to May). It happened in suburban Alabino in the location of the Taman Division. 60 days in a polygon, which is commonly used by the military for destruction of munitions found or testing of new, transformed into an ideal space for a rehearsal of military parades. Operators of construction machinery have a unique mission: to recreate the Red Square with all its turns, descents, and even small rises so that, once on the pavement of this area, drivers, mechanics are easy to navigate in the maneuvers. The project was also surprising because this scale military parades, as occurred, and more are planned this year, the country has not seen for more than 17 years.

For obvious reasons, multiple rehearsal passage of hundreds of pieces of military equipment to the Red Square is almost impossible. One need only mention that among the best examples of cars in the parade should be involved infantry fighting vehicles and assault, self-propelled "Octopus", anti-aircraft complexes and systems of "Favorite", "TOP", "BEECH", T-90 tanks, armored scouts Tiger, mobile missile complexes Strategic Missile Forces, "Topol-M. Because the federal budget has allocated funds for the development, design, rental of construction equipment and hiring qualified for pometrovogo recreate the central area of Russia. According to representatives of legislative bodies, such scope in preparation for a parade and a mass patriotic spectacle speaks about the power of Power. Get a first impression of thorough preparation could already May 9: – I believe that such large-scale parades are not just appropriate, but necessary, – said deputy Sergei Nikitin.

– In this way we demonstrate the outside world their strength, morale. To cool hot heads in some other countries. And the more solemn, we will celebrate our victory, the better. It has nothing to be ashamed.

Service Interval Engine

If the filter is made of non-conforming filter media, it quickly becomes clogged and the engine “choking”. Pereobogaschennaya working mixture leads to increased fuel consumption and worsen the dynamic properties of the engine. For example, the minimum fuel consumption obtained with excess air for about 20%. Clogged filter can cause loss of power up to 10%. The feeling that the engine “does not pull” and is a symptom of the fact that it was time to change the air filter. It is worth paying attention to another extreme – this is where, despite the dusty road, that time would be in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations? and change the filter, it does not lead to loss of power and can still work. Deceptive “efficiency” will result in sideways – “windfall” of engine failure.

The reasons may be three. The first – an unscrupulous manufacturer uses a filter paper or nonwoven fabric with a larger pore size through which the abrasive particles fly into the engine. Second – poor quality paper is torn and the engine also gets an overdose of dust. And the third – gapping filter raw air rushes into the engine, bypassing the filter element. That avoid unexpected problems should pay attention to the filter material, information on which bona fide filter manufacturers suggest. That material is defined as a filter to deal with this controversial task as an effective filtering and minimum power loss. Resource of 100,000 kilometers: fantasy or reality? Resource filters are the most common cars in Russia is 10-30 thousand? kilometers.

In dusty conditions of the Russian roads (or off-road) real? resource can be two to three times less. Conversely, in winter when the air is clean and fresh, the filter becomes clogged less. While domestic producers job of the production of air filters, which can withstand mezhservisny mileage of 10-30 thousand miles. However, the world’s automotive manufacturers in the new models are increasingly implementing the principle of a large mezhserivsnogo interval -? LSI (Large Service Interval). Air filters for a run at 10-30 thousand miles no longer fits the parameters of LSI. High mileage count? resource of 50 000 kilometers. It can not be achieved by using filters with a curtain of conventional cellulose which physically can not stand so long loads. Acceptable results in 50? 000 kilometers company Hollingsworth & Vose achieved through the use of technology Nanoweb (modified cellulose with a special coating), significantly which increases dust holding capacity filter elements. The material of tomorrow promises to be as corrugated synthetic variable density with an electrostatic charge, which provides a distance of 100 sq km. The principle of the “filter variable density “, made of materials” Hollingsvors “based on the fact that the outer layers of the material acts as a pre-filter. That air filters of new materials and the future belongs.

The Hood

On that note, they decided – to be four gas cylinders of 30 liters each. True, the cost of this kit has risen by 14 thousand. … So, for ease of installation removed the hood, the front wheels, remove the duct, the air filter box, the top half of the intake manifold, battery and washer tank glass. At the same time as a mechanic, Dmitry was made metal frame to fit the luggage compartment "Nissan", which later served as the locker frame. In the frame enclosed and secured with metal straps four gas tank (30 liters size 200h1052 mm, a Polish company Stako).

Next cylinders connected in parallel between a copper tubing. One of the tubes went on ride-recharging device (OVC), which is located in the tank hatch and need to refuel the car with gas, and the second – on the gas valve, located under the floor, in rear of the car. By the way, this valve is used for cutting off gas supply when the machine is switched off or running on gasoline. A similar unit is placed on the gas and gear under the hood. Between both valves are connected backbone tube, passing underneath the car away from the friction and heat-generating components. The very specificity of the machine on propane-butane is quite simple: the gas, moving in a liquefied state in gear and evaporating from the cooling system, the hose goes to the gas filter, whose task is to purify the vapor phase (also built into the filter temperature sensors, gas pressure and vacuum collectors).