During the Crimean Khanate Russian Tsars Fyodor Ivanovich and Boris Godunov patronized the Assumption monastery. The captives who were held in the fortress of Calais, to attend worship services and meet at the church with the Russian envoys. The monastery is revered by Christians and Muslims. Giray dynasty founder in a military campaign, asking for help from the Blessed Virgin Mary. That did not stop Khan levy a heavy tribute monastery, his financial situation became dire.
Life among the Muslim rule was difficult for Christians, living in the valley, they afflict hard labor and tribute. From a high of Greek culture and civilization, there is nothing left. In the years preceding the accession of the Crimea to Russia, life in the monastery fades. In 1783, the Assumption monastery turned into a cemetery church. Before the grave monastery of the Russian generals and Vrevskaya Weimarn killed and the battle of Black River, the cemetery of Russian soldiers who perished during the Crimean War.
During the first defense Sevastopol in the monastery housed a hospital officer. In 1818, a cave temple visited by the Emperor Alexander I. When viewed from the monastery he asked, "Where place of the appearance of the holy icon?" And when he pointed to the wall with a picture on it face of the Virgin Mary, he climbed the stairs, kissed the icon and personally stuck before her in a stone wall, a lighted candle. In 1850, the Monastery of the Assumption has been partially restored, renewed the monastic community with Uspensky cave monastery institution.