Marie Curie

He is to divide the conventional means of chemical analysis and measurement, under appropriate conditions, the radioactivity of all selected products. This way you can get an idea of the chemical properties of the desired radioactive element; the latter is concentrated in those fractions, the radioactivity of which is becoming more and more as the continuing separation. Soon, we were able to determine that the radioactivity is concentrated mainly in two various chemical fractions, and we came to the conclusion that pitchblende contains at least two new radioelement: polonium and radium. We have reported the existence of the element polonium in July 1898 and on radium in December of the same year "The first message of polonium was dated July 18. It is written in a highly controlled and well defined. Is there such a phrase: "If the existence of this new metal is confirmed, we propose to call it polonium, named home to one of us.

" In Latin Polonia – Poland. "Polonium" – not the first "geographic" element name. By that time it was opened and germanium, and ruthenium, and gallium, and scandium. Nevertheless, this particular name, it can be considered as the name of protest: the independent Polish state at the time did not exist. Poland has been fragmented, divided between the Austrian, German and Russian empires In the famous book "Marie Curie", written by youngest daughter of the Curies Eve, concluded: "The choice of this name shows that Mary, having become a French physicist, not renounced her homeland.